How to Deal with Weeds
For tricky hard to remove weeds I like to use boiling water. Boiling water works great to remove weeds from between stones and rocks and can take care of hard to eliminate weeds like wild garlic. Of course if you are into foraging you may view wild garlic in a different light!
When it comes to the lawn allow your grass to grow tall. This will crowd out weeds and prevent light from reaching the soil surface where the seeds of weeds are. If you practice mowing your lawn correctly each year you will notice fewer weeds.
So far I've mentioned how I like to remove weeds but that isn't always necessary. Weeds don't all have to be treated as enemies. Remember I mentioned that weeds have a knack for growing? Well they have the ability to grow where other plants really don't. Often they are better adapted to deficient soils where other plants can't grow. These weeds are able to pull nutritional value from those areas and bring it into themselves. Which makes many weeds awesome material for making your own weed tea to water plants! I use weeds that I know are safe like clover and dandelions. Dandelions have a lot of nutritional value and clover is a nitrogen fixer. I steep both of these in a bucket of water in the sun for a couple days then use on plants as a fertilizer.
Common Garden Weeds
Chickweed (Stellaria media)
Chickweed is actually an edible plant that grows through the wintertime. It also can serve as a beneficial groundcover. It's easily removed by hand or with a hoe. If you do want to eliminate chickweed remove it mechanically before it goes to seed. It will die back on its own but not before resowing itself.
Clover is often used as a cover crop because of its nitrogen fixing properties. I recommend to harvest it and toss the leaves in the compost or use as a mulch. It's also valuable as a food source for pollinators. It can also be used in a tea as I mentioned earlier. I like clover and advocate that people accept it as a beneficial plant and not as a weed!
Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale)
Dandelions are probably the most complained about "weed" in the lawn or garden. They have deep taproots which make them tricky to remove but that taproot also allows dandelions to gather nutrients from deeper layers of soil. Harvest the flowers and leaves then use in a plant fertilizing tea. Or make dandelion wine! Dandelions are also great for pollinators.
Hairy Bittercress (Cardamine hirsuta)
I'm not a fan of hairy bittercress. When it goes to seed it has sharp seeds that pop up in the air when you pass by them. It's easy to how or pull up by hand before it goes to seed.
Henbit (Lamium amplexicaule)
Henbit is responsible for turning lawns in the spring into swaths of purple flowers. It's a good food source for pollinators in the spring. Let your fescues grow high in the winter to gradually remove it from the lawn over time or just accept having a colorful purple yard! A little spring color is a good thing!
Wild Garlic (Allium vineale)
Wild garlic is tough to beat. Using a trowel to dig them up is fairly successful but may require multiple diggings to remove them all. You'll almost always miss a bulb! Boiling water does kill them off but they may need retreated.
I think what we consider weeds needs reevaluated. Many weeds offer benefits to gardeners. We should save the weed title for those deserving of it like ragweed or Johnson grass!