Tuesday, February 26, 2013

6 Common Weeds and How To Deal With Them

It is inevitable. You will find a weed somewhere in your lawn or in your garden.  As things begin to grow this spring you'll notice weeds coming up where you don't want them.  In fact that is the general definition of a weedy plant - a plant that grows where you don't want it!  Any plant can become weedy but some have a certain knack for it.

How to Deal with Weeds


Common Weed in Tennessee Henbit
Henbit
First lets look at how to deal with weeds.  I do not recommend using chemicals and I like to avoid them entirely.  Instead I mainly use mechanical means to remove my weeds.  I dig them, pull them, or use my scuffle hoe to cut them off at the top of the roots.  The other method it to smother them with something.  Right now my vegetable garden pathways are covered in cardboard to eliminate spring weeds.  If weeds can't see light then they can't grow.  This is only temporary and the cardboard will be replaced with mulch soon. Once weeds are removed from the area cover with a good thick layer of mulch!  I often put newspapers underneath these areas to increase the effectiveness of the mulch at smothering weeds.

For tricky hard to remove weeds I like to use boiling water.  Boiling water works great to remove weeds from between stones and rocks and can take care of hard to eliminate weeds like wild garlic.  Of course if you are into foraging you may view wild garlic in a different light!

When it comes to the lawn allow your grass to grow tall.  This will crowd out weeds and prevent light from reaching the soil surface where the seeds of weeds are.  If you practice mowing your lawn correctly each year you will notice fewer weeds.

So far I've mentioned how I like to remove weeds but that isn't always necessary.  Weeds don't all have to be treated as enemies.  Remember I mentioned that weeds have a knack for growing?  Well they have the ability to grow where other plants really don't.  Often they are better adapted to deficient soils where other plants can't grow. These weeds are able to pull nutritional value from those areas and bring it into themselves.  Which makes many weeds awesome material for making your own weed tea to water plants!  I use weeds that I know are safe like clover and dandelions.  Dandelions have a lot of nutritional value and clover is a nitrogen fixer.  I steep both of these in a bucket of water in the sun for a couple days then use on plants as a fertilizer.

Common Garden Weeds


Chickweed (Stellaria media)


Chickweed is actually an edible plant that grows through the wintertime.  It also can serve as a beneficial groundcover.  It's easily removed by hand or with a hoe.  If you do want to eliminate chickweed remove it mechanically before it goes to seed.  It will die back on its own but not before resowing itself.




Clover (Trifolium)


Clover is often used as a cover crop because of its nitrogen fixing properties.  I recommend to harvest it and toss the leaves in the compost or use as a mulch.  It's also valuable as a food source for pollinators.  It can also be used in a tea as I mentioned earlier.  I like clover and advocate that people accept it as a beneficial plant and not as a weed!




Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale)


Dandelions are probably the most complained about "weed" in the lawn or garden. They have deep taproots which make them tricky to remove but that taproot also allows dandelions to gather nutrients from deeper layers of soil.  Harvest the flowers and leaves then use in a plant fertilizing tea.  Or make dandelion wine!  Dandelions are also great for pollinators.


Hairy Bittercress (Cardamine hirsuta)


I'm not a fan of hairy bittercress.  When it goes to seed it has sharp seeds that pop up in the air when you pass by them.  It's easy to how or pull up by hand before it goes to seed.



Henbit (Lamium amplexicaule)


Henbit is responsible for turning lawns in the spring into swaths of purple flowers.  It's a good food source for pollinators in the spring.  Let your fescues grow high in the winter to gradually remove it from the lawn over time or just accept having a colorful purple yard!  A little spring color is a good thing!


Wild Garlic (Allium vineale)


Wild garlic is tough to beat.  Using a trowel to dig them up is fairly successful but may require multiple diggings to remove them all.  You'll almost always miss a bulb!  Boiling water does kill them off but they may need retreated.



I think what we consider weeds needs reevaluated.  Many weeds offer benefits to gardeners.  We should save the weed title for those deserving of it like ragweed or Johnson grass!

3 comments :

  1. What I love about this is these are the exact weeds that are in my yard. Thanks :)

    ReplyDelete
  2. Dandelions are the first plants to recolonize a compacted area. Their tap roots break up the soil and help other plants follow. We should praise them for returning vacant lots to the wild.

    However, in my yard it is another story. A simple trick to prevent them from spreading is to convince young children to pick them anytime they see them in bloom. (Not in seed already!)

    ReplyDelete
  3. LOVE the clover/dandelion tea idea.

    I've avoided using chemical weed killers since an allergy blood test revealed Roundup in my blood!!! The only one I still use is crabgrass killer because I have an unholy infestation of dallisgrass.

    I now use a gallon of white vinegar, 1 cup of salt, and a couple drops of dish soap as my all-purpose bed edger, and driveway cleaner-upper. Do it on an sunny day and get extreme satisfaction from seeing the weeds shrivel up within an hour. I'll use the vinegar alone in flower beds or delicate areas of the lawn.

    ReplyDelete

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